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Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XVII, China, 1969–1972


Index

Note: All references are to document numbers

  • Aalgard, Ole, 104, 112, 123
  • Abromowitz, Morton, 49
  • Acheson, Dean, 139
  • Afghanistan, 60
  • AFL–CIO, 131
  • Agnew, Spiro, 25, 52, 57, 58, 91
  • Aichi Kiichi, 134
  • Albania, 204
  • Albert, Carl, 223
  • Alsop, Joseph, 151, 222
  • Anderson, Donald M., 61, 62, 76
  • Arms control:
  • Armstrong, Oscar Vance, 8, 34, 86
  • Asian Pacific Council, 232
  • Ayub Khan, Mohammad, 231
  • Ball, George, 197
  • Bangladesh. See Indo-Pakistani conflict.
  • Barnett, Robert W., 6, 16
  • Behr, Col. Robert M., 32
  • Belgium, 2
  • Bergsten, C. Fred, 57
  • Berlin issue, 141
  • Bettencourt, Andrew, 87
  • Bhumibol Adulyadej (King of Thailand), 215
  • Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali, 197, 231
  • Blood, Archer K., 124
  • Boatner, Col. James G., 148
  • Boggs, Hale, 223, 229, 243
  • Bray, Charles W., III, 121, 207
  • Brewster, Robert C., 138
  • Brezhnev, Leonid, 176
  • Brown, Winthrop G.:
    • Arms control, 138
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 4, 13, 23
    • ROC–PRC relations, 16
    • Tibet, 277
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 49, 72, 129
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 217, 218, 229, 242
    • U.S.–ROC relations, 174, 179
    • Warsaw Talks, 6, 61, 80
  • Bruce, David K., 120, 149
  • Buchanan, John Hall, Jr., 2
  • Bundy, William P., 2, 6, 271
  • Burkhardt, Frederick, 248
  • Burma, 197
  • Bush, George H. W., 161, 167, 173, 176, 177, 213
  • Butz, Earl L., 211, 227
  • Buzhardt, J. Fred, 148
  • Cambodia (see also Sihanouk, Norodom; Vietnam War), 78, 79, 81, 139, 162, 199
  • Campbell, R. P., 247
  • Camps, Miriam, 47
  • Canada, 2, 92, 93
  • Cargo, William I., 32, 36, 47
  • Ceausescu, Nicolae, 20, 94, 102
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (see also Helms, Richard M.):
    • Covert action program, 30, 257
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 12
    • Prisoner release, 143, 164
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 15, 56
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 88
    • Tibet, 273, 274, 278, 280
    • U.S.-–PRC discussions, 162
  • Chafee, John H., 148
  • Chang Ch'un, 162, 174
  • Chang I-chun, 195
  • Chang Kuo-t'ao, 140
  • Chang Pao-shu, 174
  • Chang Wen-chin:
  • Chao Ch'i-hua, 195, 196, 197, 199, 200, 202, 231
  • Chapin, Dwight L., 164
  • Chapin, Frank, 10, 30, 107, 273
  • Chen, Henry, 159, 172, 205, 225, 241
  • Ch'en Ch'u, 176
  • Chen Hengli, 251
  • Ch'en Ta-ch'ing, 244
  • Chen Tu-hsiu, 140
  • Chew, Vice Adm. John L., 8
  • Chiang, Madame, 174
  • Chiang Ching-Kuo:
    • Covert action program, 257
    • Fukien coast raid (1969), 16
    • Green-Holdridge Asia trip, 215
    • Japanese-PRC relations, 247
    • Political situation, 235
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 237
    • ROC military reorganization, 8, 86
    • Senkaku Islands, 134
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 92
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 1, 58, 92, 256
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 114
    • U.S. visit, 52, 76, 77, 78
  • Chiang Kai-shek:
    • Canadian/Italian PRC recognition, 2
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 146
    • Mongolia recognition, 272
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 170, 181
    • Reagan ROC visit, 170
    • ROC military reorganization, 8
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 178
    • Taiwan status issue, 22
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 50, 52
    • Textile trade negotiations, 121
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 1, 22, 50, 93
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 22, 52, 74
    • Warsaw Talks, 71
  • Ch'iao Kuan-hua:
  • Chi Chao-chu:
  • Chien, Fredrick, 52, 121, 159
  • Ch'ien Ta-yung, 195, 198
  • Ch'ien Yung-nien, 62
  • China. See People's Republic of China; Republic of China.
  • Chin Hsiao-yi, 21
  • Chi P'eng-fei:
    • Indo-Pakistani conflict, 183
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 162, 163
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 234
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 183, 195, 198, 201
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 123, 214
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 242
  • Chou Chung-feng, 92
  • Chou En-lai:
    • Congressional visits, 197, 223, 231
    • Foreign policy, 103
    • Haig China visit (Jan. 1971), 184
    • Indo-Pakistani conflict, 139, 140, 143, 183, 184, 231, 232, 233
    • Japanese-PRC relations, 241
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 130, 135, 139, 140, 141, 143
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 162, 163, 164, 165
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 231, 232, 233, 234
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972):
    • Pakistan channel and, 54, 98, 99
    • Political situation and, 87, 157
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 139, 140, 141, 162, 199, 204
    • Taiwan status issue:
      • Congressional visit discussions, 223, 231
      • Haig discussions, 183
      • Kissinger China visit (July 1971) discussions, 139, 140, 143
      • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971) discussions, 162, 164, 165
      • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972) discussions, 196, 199, 204
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 38, 102, 118, 122
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications, 143
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 140, 141, 150, 231, 232
    • Vietnam War:
      • Chou public statement, 221
      • Harbor mining, 226
      • Kissinger China visit (July 1971) discussions, 139, 140, 143
      • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971) discussions, 162, 164, 165
      • Kissinger China visit (June 1972) discussions, 231, 232
      • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972) discussions, 196, 199, 204
  • Chow Shu-kai:
    • Canadian/Italian PRC recognition, 2
    • Chiang Ching-Kuo U.S. visit, 76, 77, 78
    • Green-Holdridge Asia trip, 215
    • Okinawa reversion, 45
    • PRC UN representation issue, 159, 169
    • Replacement of, 235
    • Senkaku Islands, 113, 114
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 65, 91, 92
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 45
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 180
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 21, 114
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 113
    • Warsaw Talks, 71
  • Ciccolella, Maj. Gen. R. G., 8
  • Cline, Ray, 247, 257, 265
  • Coe, Frank, 194
  • Connally, John B., Jr., 116, 211, 228, 249
  • Cook, Richard K., 223
  • Cooke, David, 148
  • Crane, Kent, 91
  • Cripps, Lady Isobel, 196
  • Crowe, Philip K., 104, 123
  • Cultural exchanges. See U.S.-PRC exchanges.
  • Cummings, Theodore, 124
  • Curran, Joseph E., 127
  • Curran, Robert T., 117, 179
  • Cushman, Lt. Gen. Robert E., Jr., 108
  • Dalai Lama:
  • Davies, Richard, 36
  • Davis, Jeanne W.:
    • PRC UN representation issue, 167
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 237
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 36, 47
    • Tibet, 279
    • U.S. aid to Republic of China, 224, 239
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 217
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 117
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 217
  • Davydov, Boris N., 37
  • Dawee Chulasapya, 215
  • Deaver, Mike, 170
  • Defense, U.S. Department of (see also Laird, Melvin R.):
    • Arms control, 96
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 110
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 41, 47
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 108
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement, 148, 154
  • De Gaulle, Charles, 2, 20
  • Denney, George C., Jr., 9, 273
  • Dent, Frederick B., 211
  • Dent, Harry, 133, 134
  • De Palma, Samuel, 159, 169, 175
  • Derksen, J. J., 66
  • Dickerson, Nancy, 183
  • Disarmament. See Arms control.
  • Dobrynin, Anatoly F., 213
  • Dole, Robert, 127, 131
  • Doolin, Dennis J., 34, 78, 218, 244
  • Downey, John Thomas, 143, 164, 200, 229
  • Dulles, John Foster, 139, 143, 162, 195, 196, 199, 231
  • Dunn, John M., 170
  • Ehrlichman, John D., 159, 250
  • Elbourne, T., 164
  • Eliot, Theodore L., Jr.:
    • Arms control, 96, 138
    • Chiang Ching-Kuo visit, 52
    • Pakistan channel, 98
    • PRC UN representation issue, 167
    • Tibet, 275, 279
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 160, 224, 225, 256
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 108
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement, 229
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 14, 116, 185
    • Warsaw Talks, 53, 80
  • Export-Import Bank, 239
  • Fairbank, John K., 229, 231, 232
  • Farland, Joseph S., 98, 124, 125, 135
  • Farley, Philip J., 61, 108, 109, 138
  • Fazio, V. James, 84, 253, 254, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 270
  • Fecteau, Richard George, 143, 164, 200
  • Feng Chi-chung, Adm., 52
  • Flanigan, Peter M., 211, 228, 229
  • Fletcher, James C., 228
  • Ford, Gerald, 223, 229, 243
  • 40 Committee (see also 303 Committee), 257, 274, 280
  • Fowler, Jerry, 235
  • France, 2, 20, 38
  • Freeman, Charles W., Jr., 195, 198, 201, 242
  • Friedheim, Jerry W., 148
  • Froebe, John A., Jr.:
    • Japanese-PRC relations, 241
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 159
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 205
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 245
    • ROC political situation, 235
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 160, 225
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement, 21, 154
  • Froehlke, Robert F., 148
  • Galbraith, John Kenneth, 252
  • Gandhi, Indira, 197, 199, 204, 233
  • Gardner, James R., 257
  • Germany, 2, 141, 231, 232, 233, 236, 243
  • Getz, John I., 277
  • Gleason, Thomas, 131
  • Gleysteen, William H., Jr., 257
  • Grant, Lindsey, 26, 57, 65, 87
  • Green, Marshall:
    • Arms control, 109
    • Asia trip, 215
    • Covert action program, 257
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 145
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 105, 108
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 195, 198, 201, 203
    • Peng Ming-min visa issue, 65
    • PRC UN representation issue, 169
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 237
    • ROC political situation, 235
    • ROC–PRC relations, 16
    • Senkaku Islands, 113
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 88
    • Taiwan status issue, 22, 208
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34
    • Tibet, 277, 279, 280
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 244
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 108
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 108
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 21, 22, 25, 49, 52, 72, 117
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 14
    • U.S.–ROC relations, 74, 92, 174, 179
    • Warsaw Talks, 61, 67, 71, 80
  • Gromyko, Andrei A., 36, 37, 254
  • Gross, Ernest, 279
  • Gross, Nelson, 229
  • Gunneng, Arne, 104
  • Gwyer, Florence, 135
  • Gyalo Thondup, 275, 278, 279
  • Hackett, James, 229, 279
  • Haig, Col. Alexander M.:
    • China visit (Jan. 1971), 184
    • Indo-Pakistani conflict, 176, 177, 183, 184
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 137, 144
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 156
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 231
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 161, 183, 184, 215
    • PRC UN participation, 171, 173
    • PRC UN representation issue, 136
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 15, 32, 38
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 91
    • Tibet, 275, 279
    • U.S. economic aid to Republic of China, 239
    • U.S.-Japanese relations, 166
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 134, 160, 224, 244
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 219
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 214
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement, 229
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 3, 23, 25, 122
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications:
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 111, 185, 228, 229, 236
    • U.S.–ROC relations, 91, 170, 179
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 51, 150, 222
    • Vietnam War, 187, 188, 189, 190, 269, 270
  • Haldeman, H. R., 20, 120, 155, 156, 161
  • Halperin, David, 102, 124, 135
  • Halperin, Morton, 12, 13, 25
  • Han Hsu, 183, 195, 201
  • Harbert, Maryann, 164, 200
  • Harlow, Bryce, 17, 19, 134
  • Hartley, Muriel, 183
  • Hartman, Arthur, 13, 101
  • Heilmeier, George H., 148
  • Helms, Richard M.:
    • Covert action program, 30, 257
    • Mongolia, 271
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 4
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 97, 105
    • PRC political situation, 25, 157
    • PRC UN participation, 171
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 15
    • Tibet, 273
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 108
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 18, 108
    • U.S.–PRC relations:
    • Vietnam War, 82
  • Hicks, Coleman S., 180
  • Hilaly, Agha:
  • Hillenbrand, Martin J., 67, 271
  • Hinton, Dean, 218
  • Holdridge, John H.:
    • Arms control, 96, 109
    • Asia trip, 215
    • Cambodia invasion, 81
    • Japanese-PRC relations, 247
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 135, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 152
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 159, 162, 172
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 231
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 97, 105
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972):
    • Pakistan channel, 39
    • PRC foreign policy, 9
    • PRC political situation, 157
    • PRC UN participation, 175
    • PRC UN representation issue, 169
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 237
    • Senkaku Islands, 114, 115
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 29, 32, 36, 37, 46, 47
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 65, 91
    • Taiwan status issue, 208
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34, 45, 48, 50
    • Tibet, 279
    • U.S. economic aid to Republic of China, 57, 239
    • U.S.-Japanese relations, 251
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 134, 180, 225, 244, 255, 268
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 216
    • U.S.–PRC relations:
    • U.S.–ROC relations:
      • Chiang Ching-Kuo U.S. visit, 76, 77
      • Okinawa reversion, 45, 115
      • Reagan visit, 170
      • Taiwanese independence issue, 91
      • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34, 45, 50
      • Yang policy change proposals, 179
    • Warsaw Talks, 48, 63, 67, 71, 80
  • Hood, William, 270
  • Hoover, J. Edgar, 91, 213
  • Hope, Bob, 246
  • Hormats, Robert:
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 237
    • U.S. economic aid to Republic of China, 239
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 217, 228, 229, 236, 249, 250
  • Howe, Lt. Cmdr. Jonathan:
    • Arms control, 246
    • Indo-Pakistani conflict, 173
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 162
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 233, 236
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 198, 202, 207
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications, 173
    • Vietnam War, 238, 243
    • Wang Hsi-tsanh death, 213
  • Hsieh Pang-chih, 60
  • Hsiung Hsiang-haui, 162, 195, 198, 201, 214
  • Hsu Chung-ching, 140, 141, 143
  • Hu, S. K., 244
  • Huang Chen:
    • Indo-Pakistani conflict, 155, 173
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 151, 156
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 155, 156
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications, 90, 149, 155, 164, 188, 229
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 249
    • Vietnam War, 188, 252, 269
  • Huang Chieh, 162
  • Huang Hua:
  • Huang Shao-ku, 174
  • Hu Chuan-chung, 198
  • Hu Fang Hsien, 198
  • Hughes, Gen. J., 164
  • Hummel, Arthur W., Jr., 242, 280
  • Hurley, Patrick J., 196
  • Hyland, William G., 27, 32, 36
  • IFIs. See International financial institutions, ROC participation.
  • Ikko Kasuga, 183
  • “Immediate U.S. Policy Problems in Events of Major Sino-Soviet Hostilities,” 29, 32, 43
  • India (see also Indo-Pakistani conflict), 141, 197, 222
  • Indochina. See Vietnam War.
  • Indonesia, 222
  • Indo-Pakistani conflict:
    • Kissinger-Farland discussion, 124
    • Soviet role, 183, 184
    • U.S.–PRC communications:
      • Haig–Chou discussions, 183, 184
      • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 139, 140, 143
      • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 162, 164
      • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 231, 232, 233
      • Kissinger–Huang Hua discussions, 173, 176, 213
      • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 196, 197, 199
      • Walters channel, 155, 173, 177
    • U.S.-Soviet discussions, 176, 177
  • Interdepartmental Ad Hoc Group, 36, 40
  • International financial institutions, ROC participation, 172, 237, 241, 245
  • International Longshoreman's Association, 131
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF). See International financial institutions, ROC participation.
  • Iran, 197, 233
  • Irwin, John N., II:
    • Arms control, 96, 109, 138
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 145, 146
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 108
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 108
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 108
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 38, 117
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 101, 185, 249
  • Italy, 2
  • Janka, Les, 169
  • Japan (see also Sino-Japanese relations; U.S.-Japanese relations):
    • Indian relations with, 222
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 105
    • ROC relations with, 174, 241
    • U.S.–PRC communications:
      • Haig–Chou discussions, 183
      • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 137, 139, 140, 143
      • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 162, 164
      • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 233
      • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 196, 197, 199, 200, 215
  • Javits, Jacob, 112
  • Jenkins, Alfred le Sesne:
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 162
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 231
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 195, 198, 201
    • Tibet, 278, 279, 280
  • Jha, Lakshmi Kant, 213
  • Johnson, Ernest, 131
  • Johnson, Adm. Nels, 29, 32
  • Johnson, U. Alexis:
    • Canadian/Italian PRC recognition, 2
    • Covert action program, 30
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 108
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 182
    • PRC UN representation issue, 173
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 237, 245
    • Senkaku Islands, 134
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 29, 32
    • Taiwan status issue, 208
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34
    • Tibet, 273, 279, 280
    • U.S. aerial reconnaissance over PRC, 10
    • U.S. economic aid to Republic of China, 239
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 93, 255, 256
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 182
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 108
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications, 104
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 249
    • U.S.–ROC relations, 179
    • Warsaw Talks, 61
  • Judd, Walter, 196, 197
  • Jurich, Anthony, 13, 121
  • Kahn, Herman, 36
  • Karamessines, Thomas H., 29, 32, 179
  • Karrick, Col., 34
  • Katz, J. L., 242
  • Keating, Kenneth B., 124, 276
  • Kennedy, David M.:
    • PRC UN participation, 175
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 237
    • Senkaku Islands, 133, 134
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 14, 131
    • U.S.–ROC textile trade negotiations, 121, 133
  • Kennedy, Edward, 37
  • Kennedy, Col. Richard T.:
    • Indo-Pakistani conflict, 177
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 146
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 97, 105
    • Pakistan channel, 100
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 46, 47
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 225, 255, 268
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 216
    • U.S.–ROC relations, 179
  • Keogh, James, 50
  • Khan, Nur, 26
  • Khan, Sher Ali, 39
  • Khrushchev, Nikita, 197
  • Kishi Nobusuke, 166, 174
  • Kissinger, Henry A. (see also Kissinger China visit (July 1971); Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971); Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 107, 153
    • Arms control:
      • Brewster memorandum, 138
      • Holdridge memoranda, 96, 109
      • U.S.–PRC communications:
    • Cambodia invasion, 79, 81
    • Covert action program, 30, 257
    • Haig China visit (Jan. 1971), 184
    • Indo-Pakistani conflict:
      • Farland discussion, 124
      • U.S.–PRC communications:
        • China visit (July 1971), 139, 140, 143
        • China visit (Oct. 1971), 162, 164
        • China visit (June 1972), 231, 232, 233
        • Haig–Chou discussions, 183
        • Haig–Huang Ha discussions, 177
        • Huang Chen discussions, 155
        • Huang Hua discussions, 173, 176, 213
    • Japanese-PRC relations, 241, 247, 251, 252, 254
    • Mongolia recognition, 271, 272
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 97, 105, 108
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972):
    • PRC foreign policy, 103
    • PRC political situation, 11, 58, 64, 87, 157
    • PRC UN participation, 171, 173, 175, 213
    • PRC UN representation issue, 37, 140, 152, 159, 161, 167, 169
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 237, 241, 245
    • ROC military reorganization, 1
    • ROC political situation, 235
    • Senkaku Islands, 113, 114, 115, 134, 180
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 37, 38, 75
      • CIA analysis, 56
      • Defense Department position, 41
      • Hyland memorandum, 27
      • Kosygin visit, 33
      • Morris memorandum, 46
      • National Security Study Memorandum 63, 15, 46
      • Senior Review Group meetings, 36, 47
      • U.S.–ROC discussions, 159
      • Washington Special Action Group discussions, 29, 32
    • Soviet military capabilities report, 202, 213
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 65, 91, 93, 139, 140, 162, 178
    • Taiwan status issue, 139, 140, 143, 162, 164, 165, 199, 208
    • Tibet, 273, 274, 275, 279
    • U.S. economic aid to Republic of China, 57, 239
    • U.S.-Japanese relations, 225, 246, 247, 251, 252
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 58
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 108, 154, 182, 216, 220
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 18, 108
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges:
      • Holdridge memoranda, 112, 248
      • National Security Study Memorandum 148, 209, 217, 218
      • Nixon conversations, 113
      • Travel restriction liberalization, 35, 101, 111
      • U.S.–PRC discussions, 214, 220, 222, 253
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement:
      • Congressional visits, 223, 231, 243, 252
      • Defense Department position, 154
      • Narcotics control, 229
      • Solomon memorandum, 229
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals:
      • Holdridge memorandum, 38
      • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 4, 13, 23
      • National Security Study Memorandum 124, 117, 129
      • Nixon memorandum, 3
      • Nixon world trip (1969), 20
      • NSC meeting (Aug. 14, 1969), 25
      • PRC envoy invitation, 69, 72, 73, 99, 100, 102, 120, 122
      • Rogers memorandum, 49
      • Sneider memorandum, 5
      • U.S.–ROC discussions, 21, 52, 114
    • U.S.–PRC relations:
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications:
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 17, 101, 111, 131
      • Boeing negotiations, 229, 236
      • Chinese wheat purchase, 250, 252, 253
      • Irwin memorandum, 185
      • National Security Decision Memorandum 17, 14
      • National Security Decision Memorandum 105, 116
      • National Security Decision Memorandum 170, 228
      • National Security Study Memorandum 149, 211, 217, 218
      • Peterson memorandum, 127
      • Private claims, 218, 249
      • RCA satellite equipment, 229
      • Richardson memorandum, 19
      • U.S.–PRC communications, 242
      • U.S.–ROC discussions, 113
    • U.S.–ROC relations:
      • Chiang Ching-Kuo U.S. visit, 52, 76, 77
      • Nixon–Chiang correspondence, 74
      • Nixon–Yen meeting, 93
      • Okinawa reversion, 45, 115
      • Reagan visit, 170
      • Taiwanese independence issue, 65, 91, 93
      • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34, 45, 48, 50
      • Yang policy change proposals, 174
    • U.S.-Soviet relations:
      • Sonnenfeldt memorandum, 51
      • Soviet Union visit (Sept. 1972), 253
      • U.S.–PRC communications:
    • Vietnam War:
    • Warsaw Talks, 63, 67, 69
      • End of, 80
      • Planning, 6, 48, 53, 59, 61
      • Stoessel reports, 62
      • U.S.–ROC relations and, 71
  • Kissinger China visit (July 1971):
  • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971):
  • Kissinger China visit (June 1972):
    • Debriefing, 234
    • Kissinger–Chou discussions, 231, 232, 233
    • Kissinger–Huang Hua discussions, 236
    • Planning, 227
  • Kleindienst, Richard G., 111, 209
  • Korea:
    • Solomon memorandum, 229
    • U.S.–PRC discussions:
      • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 139, 140, 143
      • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 162, 164
      • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 233
      • Kissinger-Huang Hua discussions, 243, 253
      • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 197, 199, 203
    • U.S.–ROC discussions, 77
  • Kosygin, Alexei N., 33, 197, 231
  • Kovenock, Paul, 235
  • Kraft, Joseph, 220
  • Kreisberg, Paul H., 61, 62, 67, 72, 80, 277
  • Krogh, Egil, 229
  • Kubisch, Jack B., 242
  • Ku Cheng-kang, 162
  • Kung, K. L., 174
  • Lai Ming-ting, 244
  • Laird, Melvin R.:
    • Chiang Ching-Kuo U.S. visit, 76, 78
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 4
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 97, 108, 110
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 148, 206
    • PRC political situation, 157
    • PRC UN participation, 171
    • ROC military reorganization, 86
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 15
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34, 50
    • U.S. border violation accusations by the PRC, 232, 243
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 244, 255
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 154, 216
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 18, 108
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 116, 209
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement, 148, 154
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 25, 117
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 131
      • National Security Decision Memorandum 17, 14
      • National Security Decision Memorandum 105, 116
      • National Security Decision Memorandum 170, 228
      • National Security Study Memorandum 149, 211, 218
      • Private claims, 249
      • RCA satellite equipment, 229
  • Laos (see also Vietnam War), 106
  • Lee Kuan Yew, 215
  • Lee Teng-hui, 235
  • Lei Yang, 53, 59, 62, 63, 68
  • Levin, Mel, 105, 237
  • Li, K. T., 121, 174
  • Liao, Thomas, 65
  • Liao Ho-shu, 6
  • Libya, 200
  • Li Chu-ching, 62
  • Li Chung-ying, 195
  • Lien Cheng-pao, 195
  • Li Hsien-nien, 195, 201
  • Lincoln, George A., 25
  • Lindjord, Haakon, 13, 36, 47
  • Lindquist, Warren, 236
  • Linebaugh, D., 96
  • Lin Piao, 11, 87, 157, 159, 193
  • Li Tsung-ying, 198
  • Liu, Henry, 236
  • Liu Shao-chi, 140, 159
  • Lodge, Henry Cabot, 38, 66
  • Lo Kuei Po, 104
  • Loomis, Henry, 13, 47
  • Lord, Winston:
    • Indo-Pakistani conflict, 176, 177
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 135, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 151, 162, 166
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 227, 231, 232, 233, 236
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 97
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972):
    • PRC UN participation, 173
    • Taiwan status issue, 208
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement, 223
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 13, 20
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications, 66, 128
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 231, 246
    • Vietnam War, 219, 220, 258, 263, 269, 270
  • Lovestone, Lord Jay, 131
  • Lucet, Charles Ernest, 38
  • Lynn, 218
  • Lynn, Laurence E., Jr., 25, 57
  • MacGregor, Clark, 205, 223
  • Ma Chieh-hsien, 195
  • MacIntyre, Carl, 214
  • MacIntyre, Thomas J., 197
  • Macovescu, Gheorghe, 94
  • Malik, Adam, 169, 196
  • Malraux, Andre, 192
  • Manac'h, Manoël, 38
  • Mansfield, Michael:
  • Mao Tse-tung:
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 163
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 140, 164, 193, 194
    • Political situation, 11, 87, 140, 157, 234
    • PRC foreign policy, 9, 11
    • Vietnam War, 81
  • Marcos, Ferdinand, 215
  • Marshall, Gen. George C., 196
  • Matskevich, Vladimir, 176
  • Matsu. See Offshore Islands.
  • Matthews, Diane, 135
  • Maurer, Ion Gheorghe, 94
  • McCain, Adm. John S., Jr., 50
  • McCloskey, Robert, 155, 159
  • McConaughy, Walter P., Jr.:
    • Canadian/Italian PRC recognition, 2
    • Covert action program, 257
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 145, 146
    • Mongolia recognition, 272
    • National Security Study Memorandum 124, 117
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 181
    • PRC UN representation issue, 136
    • ROC military reorganization, 8, 86
    • ROC–PRC relations, 16
    • Taiwan status issue, U.S.–ROC discussions, 22
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 1, 58, 92, 244, 255, 268
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 22, 52
    • U.S.–ROC relations, 52, 76, 78, 170, 174, 179
    • Warsaw Talks, 71
  • McCracken, Paul, 76, 108
  • McGinnis, John J., 218
  • McGovern, George, 231, 232
  • McHenry, Donald, 13, 36, 47
  • McLaughlin, Gerald Ross, 164
  • McLellan, Robert, 111
  • McManis, David, 119, 270
  • McNamara, Robert S., 237, 245
  • Meany, George, 127, 197
  • Metson, W. G., 242
  • Middle East, 173, 199, 200
  • Milliken, Roger, 133, 134
  • Mills, Wilbur D., 134
  • Mitchell, John:
    • Covert action program, 30
    • Resignation of, 192
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 29
    • Tibet, 273
    • U.S. aerial reconnaissance over PRC, 10
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 25
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 116
  • Mongolia, 21, 140, 197, 271, 272
  • Moorer, Adm. Thomas H.:
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 110
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 148, 182
    • PRC UN participation, 171
    • U.S. border violation accusations by the PRC, 232
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 108, 182
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 108
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 116, 131, 218
  • Moorsteen, Richard, 97
  • Moose, Richard, 6
  • Morris, Roger, 46
  • Mosbacher, Emil, 113
  • Moser, Leo J., 169, 235, 244
  • Murphy, Rear Adm. Daniel J., 148, 154, 230, 243
  • Murray, Col. Paul, 108, 154
  • Nakasone Yasuhiro, 162
  • National Committee for U.S.-Chinese Relations, 217
  • National Intelligence Estimates:
    • NIE 11/13–69, “The USSR and China,” 24
    • NIE 13–3–70, “Communist China's General Purpose and Air Defense Forces,” 83
    • NIE 13–3–72, “China's Military Policy and General Purpose Forces,” 240
    • NIE 13–7–70, “Communist China's International Posture,” 95
    • NIE 13–8–69, “Communist China's Strategic Weapons Program,” 7
    • NIE 13–8–71, 168
    • NIE 18–8/1–69, “Communist China's Strategic Weapons Program,” 42
  • National Security Council, 25, 166
  • National Security Decision Memoranda (NSDM):
  • National Security Study Memoranda (NSSM):
  • Negroponte, John D., 231, 232, 269
  • Nehru, Jawaharlal, 141, 197, 233
  • Netherlands, 66, 89
  • Neubert, Joseph Walter, 35, 117
  • Neumann, Robert G., 60
  • Ne Win, 197
  • Nixon, Patricia, 164, 197
  • Nixon, Richard M. (see also Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972)), 58, 64, 153
    • Cambodia invasion, 79, 81
    • Green/Holdridge Asia trip, 215
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971):
      • Briefing discussions, 137
      • Debriefing, 144
      • Kissinger-Farland discussions, 124
      • Pakistan channel communications, 130, 132, 135
      • Rogers discussions, 125
      • U.S.–ROC discussions, 146
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 149, 156, 163, 164, 165
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 234
    • Mongolia recognition, 271, 272
    • Pakistan channel, 39, 54, 55, 70, 94, 99
    • PRC foreign policy, 103
    • PRC political situation, 11, 157
    • PRC UN participation, 173, 213
    • PRC UN representation issue, 136, 159, 161, 167
    • “The Real Road to Peace” article, 233
    • Senkaku Islands, 134
    • Shanghai Communiqué (Feb. 1972), 192, 205, 207, 210, 212
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 15, 33, 37, 56, 75, 200
    • Taiwan status issue, 196, 198, 199, 208, 233
    • Tibet, 274, 275, 279
    • U.S. aerial reconnaissance over PRC, 10, 85
    • U.S.-Japanese relations, 44, 166
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 93
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 35, 111, 113
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement, 229
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 3
      • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 4
      • NSC meeting (Aug. 14, 1969), 25
      • PRC envoy invitation, 69, 72, 99, 100, 102, 118, 120, 122
      • Rogers memorandum, 49
      • U.S.-Pakistani discussions, 20
      • U.S.–ROC discussions, 52, 74
      • Vietnam War and, 38
      • World trip (1969), 20
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications:
      • Afghanistan channel, 60
      • Netherlands channel, 66, 89
      • Norwegian channel, 104, 123
      • Romanian channel, 20, 94, 102
      • Stoessel contacts, 31
      • Walters channel, 89, 149, 155
      • Winters channel, 79
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 14, 17, 111, 113, 116, 131, 185
    • U.S.–ROC relations:
      • Chiang Ching-Kuo visit, 76
      • Okinawa reversion, 44
      • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34, 44, 50
      • Textile trade negotiations, 121, 133
      • Yen meeting, 93
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 222, 227
    • Vietnam War, 186, 196, 221, 226, 227
    • Warsaw Talks:
      • Kissinger memoranda, 63, 67, 69
      • Planning, 6, 53, 59, 61
      • Stoessel reports, 62
      • U.S.–ROC relations and, 71
    • World trip (1969), 17, 20, 21
  • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972):
  • Nixon Doctrine, 71, 76, 78, 105, 110, 148
  • Nuclear weapons, 18, 108
  • Nutter, G. Warren:
    • Chiang Ching-Kuo U.S. visit, 78
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 13
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 148
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 29, 32, 36, 41
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 244, 255
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 131, 218
  • Nu, U, 197
  • Odeen, Phil, 216
  • Offshore Islands, 1, 22, 199, 208
  • Ortona, Egidio, 2
  • Osborn, David Lawrence, 106, 117
  • Packard, David:
    • Arms control, 96
    • Chiang Ching-Kuo U.S. visit, 78
    • Covert action program, 30
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 108
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 148
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 50
    • Tibet, 273
    • U.S. aerial reconnaissance over PRC, 10
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 50, 57, 93
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan, 108
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 108
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 111
  • Pakistan. See Indo-Pakistani conflict; Pakistan channel.
  • Pakistan channel:
  • Pedersen, Richard F., 22, 36, 159, 169
  • Peng Hua, 195, 201
  • Peng Ming-min, 65, 91, 92, 93, 178, 199
  • People's Republic of China (PRC) (see also PRC UN participation; Sino-Japanese relations; Sino-Soviet relations; Taiwan status issue; Tibet; headings beginning with U.S.–PRC):
    • Canadian recognition, 2, 92, 93
    • CIA briefing (Aug. 1969), 25
    • Foreign policy, 9, 11, 23, 103
    • Indian relations with, 141, 197
    • Military capabilities, 7, 25, 42, 83, 168, 240
    • Political situation:
      • Grant memorandum, 87
      • Kissinger China visit (June 1972) and, 234
      • Kissinger memoranda, 11, 58, 64
      • National Intelligence Estimate, 95
      • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972) and, 157
      • NSC meeting, 25
      • U.S.–PRC discussions, 140
      • U.S.–ROC discussions, 172
    • ROC relations with (see also Taiwan status issue), 16, 172
  • Peterson, Peter G.:
    • Senkaku Islands, 133, 134
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 127, 131, 228, 229
    • U.S.–ROC textile trade negotiations, 133
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 243
  • Philippines, 21, 215
  • Phintso Thonden, 275
  • Phrapas Charusathien, 215
  • Platt, Nicholas, 198
  • Porson, Sophia K., 192
  • Pote Sarasin, 215
  • PRC UN participation (see also PRC UN representation issue), 171, 173, 175, 213
  • PRC UN representation issue, 167
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 23
    • Nixon–McConaughy discussions, 136
    • Soviet position, 37
    • U.S.-Pakistani discussions, 20
    • U.S.–PRC discussions, 140, 162, 164, 198
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals and, 6
    • U.S.–ROC communications, 152, 159, 169
  • Propaganda. See Covert action program under U.S.–PRC relations.
  • Pursley, Brig. Gen. Robert E., 78, 148, 154, 160, 224
  • Quemoy. See Offshore Islands.
  • Radford, Charles, 135
  • Reagan, Ronald, 169, 170
  • Redman, Gen. Albert, 164, 184
  • Reischauer, Edwin O., 143, 196, 197
  • Republic of China (ROC) (see also Taiwanese independence issue; Taiwan status issue; U.S. military aid to Republic of China; U.S. military presence in Taiwan):
  • Richardson, Elliot L.:
    • Mongolia recognition, 272
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 15, 36
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 19, 209
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 25, 38, 49, 53
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 14, 17, 19
    • U.S.–ROC relations, 91
  • Richardson, John, Jr., 217, 218
  • Ridge, Col. T. L., 244
  • Riland, R. Kenneth, 52
  • Rockefeller, Nelson, 120, 254, 263
  • Rodman, Peter W., 204, 221, 226, 252, 253, 254
  • Rogers, William P.:
    • Arms control, 138
    • Canadian/Italian PRC recognition, 2
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 125
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 161
    • Mongolia recognition, 271, 272
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 97, 105
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 181, 195, 198, 201, 205, 206
    • Pakistan channel, 98
    • PRC political situation, 157
    • PRC UN participation, 171
    • PRC UN representation issue, 152, 159, 161, 167, 169
    • ROC international financial institution participation, 245
    • ROC military reorganization, 86
    • Senkaku Islands, 134
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 15, 37
    • Taiwan status issue, 22, 198, 208
    • Tibet, 275, 277, 279
    • U.S. economic aid to Republic of China, 57
    • U.S.-Japanese relations, 44
    • U.S. nuclear policy, 18
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 19, 35, 116, 209, 214
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement, 229
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 49
      • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 4
      • National Security Study Memorandum 124, 117
      • NSC meeting (Aug. 14, 1969), 25
      • PRC envoy invitation, 72, 73
      • Public statements, 45, 47
      • Senate Foreign Relations Committee discussions, 13
      • U.S.–ROC discussions, 22
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications, 60
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 14, 116, 211, 228, 229, 242, 249
    • U.S.–ROC relations, 44, 50, 74, 76, 121, 134
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 51
    • Vietnam War, 246
    • Warsaw Talks, 6, 53, 61, 67, 80
  • Romania, 20, 21, 26, 94, 102
  • Romulo, Carlos P., 215
  • Rostow, Walt W., 275
  • Ruina, Jack, 138
  • Rush, Kenneth, 218
  • Ryan, Gen. John D., 148
  • Sainteny, Jean, 38, 90, 119, 128
  • Salisbury, Harrison, 231
  • SALT talks. See Arms control.
  • Samuels, Nathaniel, 237
  • Sato Eisaku, 139, 174
  • Saunders, Harold H.:
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 135
    • Pakistan channel, 26, 28, 55
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 32
    • U.S.-PRC rapprochement proposals, 20, 118
  • Scali, John A., 195, 198, 201, 213
  • Schlesinger, James R., 76
  • Schneider, David T., 277, 278, 280
  • Schroeder, Gerhard, 233, 236, 243
  • Schweitzer, Pierre Paul, 245
  • Scott, Harold B., 229
  • Scott, Hugh:
  • Seamans, Robert C., 78, 148
  • Selden, Armistead I., Jr., 108, 154
  • Senate Foreign Relations Committee, 13
  • Senior Review Group, 13, 36, 47, 108, 129, 217, 218
  • Senkaku Islands, 113, 114, 115, 133, 134, 180
  • Service, John Stewart, 162, 178
  • Shakespeare, Frank, 36, 108, 116
  • Shanghai Communiqué (Feb. 1972):
  • Shen, James C. H.:
    • Chiang Ching-Kuo U.S. visit, 77
    • Japanese-PRC relations, 241, 251
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 145, 152
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 159
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 172, 181, 205, 207
    • PRC UN representation issue, 159, 169
    • U.S.-Japanese relations, 247, 251
    • U.S. military aid to Republic of China, 180, 225, 244
  • Shen Chang-huan, 235, 237
  • Shen Chien-hung, 76, 78, 92, 134
  • Shen Jo-yun, 195, 198
  • Sherman, George, 161
  • Shih Yen-hua:
  • Shoesmith, Thomas P., 16, 34, 88, 113
  • Sihanouk, Norodom (Prince of Cambodia), 139, 162, 199, 233, 236, 252
  • Simons, Thomas W., 62
  • Sino-Japanese relations:
    • National Intelligence Estimate, 95
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 23
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 105
    • Special National Intelligence Estimate, 106
    • U.S.–PRC discussions, 252, 254
    • U.S.–ROC discussions, 241, 247, 251
    • Warsaw Talks and, 6
  • Sino-Soviet relations:
    • CIA analysis, 56
    • Defense Department position, 41, 47
    • Hyland memorandum, 27
    • Interdepartmental Ad Hoc Group paper, 40, 41
    • Kissinger memoranda, 37, 75
    • Kosygin visit, 33
    • Morris memorandum, 46
    • National Intelligence Estimates, 24, 95
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 13, 23
    • National Security Study Memorandum 63, 15, 36, 40, 41, 46
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 106
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972) and, 157, 204
    • Senior Review Group meetings, 36, 47
    • Tibet and, 273
    • U.S.–PRC discussions, 137, 164, 197, 200, 254
    • U.S.–ROC discussions, 76, 159
    • Washington Special Actions Group discussions, 29, 32, 43
  • Sisco, Joseph J., 39, 273, 279, 280
  • Smith, Abbot, 82
  • Smith, Gerald, 171
  • Smith, Gerard, 51
  • Smith, K. Wayne, 108
  • Smith, R. Jack, 13, 18, 36, 47
  • Smith, Walter Bedell, 143, 195
  • Smyser, W. Richard:
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 135, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 72
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications, 90, 128
  • Sneider, Richard L., 1, 3, 5, 13, 14
  • Snow, Edgar, 103, 123, 140, 197
  • Sobajic, Vojo, 60
  • Solomon, Richard H.:
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 231
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 148
    • Taiwanese independence issue, 178
    • U.S.–PRC exchanges, 248
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement, 229
    • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization, 250
    • Vietnam War, 230
  • Sonnenfeldt, Helmut:
    • Arms control, 96
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 13
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 97, 105
    • Sino-Soviet relations, 29, 36, 37, 46, 47
    • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals, 5
    • U.S.-Soviet relations, 51
  • Sorensen, Theodore, 37
  • South Asia crisis. See Indo-Pakistani conflict.
  • Soviet military capabilities report, 176, 202, 213
  • Soviet Union. See Sino-Soviet relations; Soviet military capabilities report; U.S.-Soviet relations.
  • Spaak, Paul Henri, 143
  • Spain, James W., 26
  • Special National Intelligence Estimates:
    • SNIE 13–9–70, “Chinese Reactions to Possible Developments in Indochina,” 82
    • SNIE 13–10–71, “Communist China's Reactions to Developments in Laos,” 106
    • SNIE 13–69, “Communist China and Asia,” 9
    • SNIE 43–1–72, “Taipei's Capabilities and Intentions Regarding Nuclear Weapons Development,” 266
  • Spiers, Ronald I., 138
  • Stans, Maurice, 14, 97, 116, 227
  • Starbird, Linwood R., 145, 174
  • Starr, Robert I., 208
  • Stearman, William L., 37
  • Steenhoven, Graham D., 139
  • Stoessel, Walter J., 6, 31, 53, 62, 63, 68
  • Stone, Jeremy, 248
  • Stuart, Richard K., 257, 265
  • Sullivan, William, 72
  • Sun, Y. S., 174
  • Swank, Emory C., 37, 61, 67
  • Sylvester, Charles T., 146
  • Szulc, Tad, 155
  • Taber, Lt. Gen., Robert, 148
  • Taiwanese independence issue:
  • Taiwan status issue (see also PRC UN representation issue; Taiwanese independence issue; U.S.–ROC relations):
    • Froebe memorandum, 235
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14 and, 23
    • Nixon–Kissinger conversations, 120, 192
    • Nixon–McConaughy discussions, 136
    • Rogers memorandum, 208
    • Truman statements, 137
    • U.S.–PRC communications:
      • Congressional visits, 223
      • Haig–Chou discussions, 183
      • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 137, 139, 140, 143
      • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 162, 164, 165, 166
      • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 231, 233
      • Kissinger–Huang Hua discussions, 236
      • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 196, 198, 199, 203, 204
      • Pakistan channel, 99
      • Snow–Chou discussions, 103
      • Warsaw Talks, 61, 62, 63, 67, 68
    • U.S.–ROC discussions, 22, 152, 205, 207
  • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34, 38, 44, 45, 48, 50, 52
  • Tanaka, Kakeui, 241, 251, 254
  • T'ang, Nancy, 183
  • T'ang Wen-sheng:
  • Tarr, Curtis, 268
  • Taylor, Gen., Robert, 86
  • Taylor, R., 164
  • Thailand, 215, 253
  • Thanom Kittikachorn, 215
  • Thayer, Harry E. T., 277
  • Thompson, Llewellyn E., Jr., 51
  • 303 Committee (see also 40 Committee), 10, 30, 273, 278
  • Thupten Ningee, 275
  • Tibet:
  • Timmons, William, 223
  • Ting Yuan-hung, 195, 198
  • Train, Russell E., 171
  • Truman, Harry S, 137, 196
  • Tsao Kuei Sheng, 149, 151, 155, 189, 214, 248
  • Tschen Hiong-fei, 170
  • Tsiang Ting-fu, 174
  • Tsien Ta-yung, 231
  • Tucker, Gardiner L., 78
  • Turkey, 233
  • Unger, Lt. Gen. F. T., 13, 36
  • United Nations. See PRC UN participation; PRC UN representation issue.
  • U.S.-Japanese relations:
  • U.S. military aid to Republic of China:
    • Haig memorandum, 160
    • Holdridge memoranda, 45, 224, 255, 264
    • Kissinger memorandum, 58
    • NSC memorandum, 57
    • Operation Enhance, 256, 263, 264, 268
    • Rogers–Chiang Kai-shek discussions, 22
    • Senkaku Islands and, 134
    • Sneider memorandum, 1
    • Tarr memorandum, 268
    • U.S.–PRC discussions, 263
    • U.S.–ROC discussions:
      • Kissinger-Chou Shu-kai discussions, 180
      • Kissinger memorandum, 50
      • Kissinger–Shen discussions, 172, 225
      • Laird–Chiang Ching-Kuo discussions, 78
      • Laird–Shen discussions, 244
      • McConaughy–Chiang Ching-Kuo discussions, 8, 86, 92, 256
      • Nixon–Chiang Ching-Kuo discussions, 76
      • Nixon–Yen discussions, 93
  • U.S. military presence in Taiwan:
    • Laird memorandum, 154
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 12
    • National Security Study Memorandum 106, 105, 108, 110
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972) and, 182
    • Nixon–Kissinger conversations, 207
    • Odeen memorandum, 216
    • Taiwan Strait Patrol, 34, 38, 44, 45, 48, 50, 52
    • U.S.–PRC communications, 99, 130, 139, 162, 164, 183, 220
    • U.S.–ROC discussions, 52, 205
    • Vietnam War and, 207
  • U.S. nuclear policy, 18, 108
  • U.S.–PRC exchanges:
    • Holdridge memoranda, 112, 248
    • National Security Study Memorandum 124, 129
    • National Security Study Memorandum 148, 209, 217, 218
    • Nixon–Kissinger conversations, 113
    • Solomon memorandum, 229
    • Travel restriction liberalization, 19, 35, 101, 111, 116
    • U.S.–PRC discussions, 123, 204, 214, 220, 222, 232, 253
  • U.S.–PRC rapprochement:
    • Congressional visits, 223, 229, 231
    • Defense Department position, 148, 154
    • Narcotics control, 229
    • Nixon–Kissinger conversations, 192
  • U.S.–PRC rapprochement (see also Kissinger China visit (July 1971); Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971); Kissinger China visit (June 1972); Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972); U.S.–PRC exchanges; U.S.–PRC secret communications; U.S.–PRC trade liberalization):
    • Solomon memorandum, 229
    • U.S.–ROC discussions, 225
  • U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals (see also U.S.–PRC rapprochement; U.S.-PRC secret communications):
    • French-PRC discussions, 38
    • Holdridge memorandum, 38
    • National Security Study Memorandum 14, 4, 12, 13
    • National Security Study Memorandum 124, 117, 129
    • Nixon–Kissinger conversations, 120
    • Nixon memorandum, 3
    • PRC envoy invitation, 69, 72, 73, 99, 100, 102, 118, 120
    • Rogers memorandum, 49
    • Sneider memorandum, 5
    • U.S.-French discussions, 20
    • U.S.-Pakistani discussions, 20
    • U.S.–ROC discussions, 21, 22, 45, 52, 74, 114
  • U.S.–PRC relations (see also U.S.–PRC rapprochement; U.S.–PRC rapprochement proposals):
  • U.S.–PRC secret communications:
  • U.S.–PRC trade liberalization:
    • Boeing negotiations, 229, 236
    • Chinese wheat purchase, 250, 252, 253
    • Irwin memorandum, 185
    • Kissinger memoranda, 17, 101, 111, 131
    • National Security Decision Memorandum 17, 14, 101
    • National Security Decision Memorandum 105, 116
    • National Security Decision Memorandum 170, 228
    • National Security Study Memorandum 149, 211, 217, 218
    • Peterson memorandum, 127
    • Private claims, 217, 218, 229, 242, 249
    • Richardson memorandum, 19
    • Solomon memorandum, 229
    • U.S.–PRC communications, 190, 198, 242
    • U.S.–ROC discussions, 113
    • Warsaw Talk plans, 6
  • U.S.–ROC relations (see also U.S. military aid to Republic of China; U.S. military presence in Taiwan; U.S.–ROC communications under other topics):
    • Agnew visit, 52, 58
    • Chiang Ching-Kuo visit, 52, 76
    • Defense commitment, 1, 23, 34, 52, 78, 205, 251
    • Green–Holdridge Asia trip, 215
    • Mongolia recognition and, 271, 272
    • Nixon–Chiang correspondence, 74
    • Nixon–Yen meeting, 93
    • Okinawa reversion, 44, 45, 115
    • Reagan visit, 170
    • ROC military reorganization, 1, 8, 86
    • Taiwanese independence issue and, 65, 91, 92, 93
    • Textile trade negotiations, 121, 133, 134
    • Warsaw Talks and, 71, 76
    • Yang policy change proposals, 174, 179
  • U.S.-Soviet relations:
  • Van Hollen, Christopher, 277, 278, 280
  • Vannoy, Rear Adm. Frank W., 47
  • Veliotes, Nicholas A., 138
  • Vietnam War:
    • Canadian/Italian PRC recognition and, 2
    • Holdridge memorandum, 38
    • National Intelligence Estimates, 95
    • PRC envoy invitation and, 120
    • Rogers public statements, 246
    • Sino-Soviet relations and, 32, 75, 183
    • Special National Intelligence Estimates, 82, 106
    • U.S. harbor mining, 226, 229
    • U.S. military presence in Taiwan and, 207
    • U.S.–PRC communications, 219
    • U.S.–PRC secret communications and, 104
    • U.S. prisoner execution issue, 238
    • U.S.–ROC discussions, 21, 22, 77, 225
  • Viorst, Milton, 212
  • Vogt, Lt. Gen. John W., 131, 148
  • Volcker, Paul A., 237, 245
  • Vorontsov, Yuli M., 176
  • Walker, R., 164
  • Walters, Maj. Gen. Vernon A. (see also Walters channel under U.S.–PRC secret communications), 214, 236
  • Wang, Martin, 121
  • Wang, Gen. Tiger, 8
  • Wang Chen, 198
  • Wang Chi, 229
  • Wang Hai-jung:
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 140, 141, 143
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 162
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 232, 233
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 194, 195, 196, 197, 199, 201
  • Wang Hsi-tsanh, 213
  • Wang Ming, 140
  • Ware, Richard A., 47
  • Warren, Robert H., 78
  • Warsaw Talks:
  • Washington Special Actions Group, 29, 32, 43
  • Watson, Arthur K., 213, 214, 229, 242, 248
  • Watson, Barbara, 35
  • Weinberger, Caspar W., 268
  • Wei Tao-ming, 44, 52, 71, 92, 189, 272
  • Wei Tung, 149, 155
  • Wen, Gen. Bat, 8, 244
  • Westmoreland, Gen. William, 108, 148
  • Wheeler, Gen. Earle G., 14, 18, 25, 97
  • Whitaker, John C., 250
  • Winters, Ernst, 79
  • World Bank. See International financial institutions, ROC participation.
  • Wright, W. Marshall, 97, 175, 237
  • Wu, Y. L., 47
  • Yahya Khan, Agha Muhammad:
    • Indo-Pakistani conflict, 173, 197, 231
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 125, 130
    • Nixon discussions, 20
    • Pakistan channel, 54, 55, 70, 94, 98, 99
    • PRC envoy invitation, 122
  • Yang Hsi-kun, 146, 174, 179, 181
  • Yeh, George, 174
  • Yeh Chien-ying:
    • Kissinger China visit (July 1971), 139, 140, 141, 142, 143
    • Kissinger China visit (Oct. 1971), 163
    • Kissinger China visit (June 1972), 234
    • Nixon China visit (Feb. 1972), 195, 201
  • Yeh Wei-lan, 62
  • Yen, C. K., 93, 121, 174, 215, 237
  • Yen-chun, Gen. Louie, 93
  • Yokoboki, Yoichi, 65
  • Yost, Charles, 37
  • Yugoslavia, 60, 164
  • Ziegler, Ronald L., 195, 198, 201, 203
  • Zumwalt, Adm. Elmo R., Jr., 148, 223, 224