Historical Documents

Volumes

Browse by Administration

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XVII, China, 1969–1972


Sources

Sources for the Foreign Relations Series

The Foreign Relations statute requires that the published record in the Foreign Relations series include all records needed to provide comprehensive documentation on major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant U.S. diplomatic activity. It further requires that government agencies, departments, and other entities of the U.S. Government engaged in foreign policy formulation, execution, or support cooperate with the Department of State Historian by providing full and complete access to records pertinent to foreign policy decisions and actions and by providing copies of selected records. Most of the sources consulted in the preparation of this volume have been declassified and are available for review at the National Archives and Records Administration.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series have complete access to all the retired records and papers of the Department of State: the central files of the Department; the special decentralized files (“lot files”) of the Department at the bureau, office, and division levels; the files of the Department's Executive Secretariat, which contain the records of international conferences and high-level official visits, correspondence with foreign leaders by the President and Secretary of State, and memoranda of conversations between the President and Secretary of State and foreign officials; and the files of overseas diplomatic posts. All the Department's indexed central files through July 1973 have been permanently transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland (Archives II). Many of the Department's decentralized office (or lot) files covering the 1969–1976 period, which the National Archives deems worthy of permanent retention, have been transferred or are in the process of being transferred from the Department's custody to Archives II.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series also have full access to the papers of President Nixon and other White House foreign policy records. Presidential papers maintained and preserved at the Presidential libraries and the Nixon Presidential Materials Project at Archives II include some of the most significant foreign affairs-related documentation from the Department of State and other Federal agencies including the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Dr. Henry Kissinger has approved access to his papers at the Library of Congress. These papers are a key source for the Nixon–Ford subseries of Foreign Relations.

Research for this volume was completed through special access to restricted documents at the Nixon Presidential Materials Project, the Library of Congress, and other agencies. While all the material printed in this volume has been declassified, some of it is extracted from still-classified documents. The Nixon Presidential Materials staff is processing and declassifying many of the documents used in this volume, but they may not be available in their entirety at the time of publication.

Sources for Foreign Relations, 1969–1976, Volume XVII

The Nixon Presidential Materials, presently housed at the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland, are the single most important source of documentation for those interested in Sino-American relations during the first Nixon administration. The Nixon Presidential Materials are scheduled to be transferred to the Nixon Presidential Library in Yorba Linda, California over the next few years.

Foreign policy research in the Nixon Materials centers around the National Security Council (NSC) Files, which include Country Files, the President's Daily Briefing materials, backchannel messages, VIP Visit Files, topical files related to Vietnam and China, Name Files, Files of NSC staffers, and Kissinger's Office Files. The NSC files contain about 1,300 archive boxes of materials. In particular, the Country Files for the Republic of China on Taiwan and the People's Republic of China (Boxes 518–529); President's File—China Trip (Boxes 846–851); and Files for the President—China Materials (1031–1038) hold the most complete documentation of high-level policy making.

There are several collections in the NSC Files that contain scattered, but often unique, documentation on the evolution of America's China policy, including the chronological files for various NSC staff members such as Alexander M. Haig, Robert Houdek, Anthony Lake, Jon Howe, Harold Saunders, and Richard Solomon. Finally, Kissinger's Office Files overlap considerably with the Kissinger Papers at the Library of Congress (discussed below). This collection includes materials from the Presidential transition (November 1968–January 1969), overseas trips, and Country Files (Boxes 86–100 cover China).

Besides the NSC Files, the Nixon Materials include the White House Central Files, which have Staff Member and Office Files, subject files and name files. There also exists the White House Special Files, which include Staff Member and Office Files, Subject Files, and Name Files. The White House Central Files generally contain less sensitive materials, but add some insight into the connection between the domestic and foreign policies of the Nixon White House. The Special Files' Staff Member Office Files collection includes the files of H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and most other important White House staff members. It also holds the President's Office Files (POF), which have the President's Handwriting File (copies of documents with President Richard M. Nixon's handwritten comments) and Memoranda for the President. The Memoranda for the President is a chronological collection of memoranda of conversation or other documentation of meetings attended by Nixon. It includes meetings related to domestic politics and foreign policy, and often contains records of talks with foreign leaders. While only a small portion of the NSC Files have been declassified, much of the Central and Special Files are available to the public. Binders with complete box lists for these materials are available at the Nixon Presidential Materials Project.

One important resource is the White House Central Files, President's Daily Diary, which lists all those who met with the President at the White House or while he was traveling. The Diary also indicates telephone calls to and from the President and has a daily record of “Presidential Movements.”

The White House tapes, which began in February 1971, provide an invaluable record of Nixon foreign policy and life in the White House. Conversations were recorded from the Oval Office, Cabinet Room, Camp David, Nixon's private office in the Executive Office Building (EOB), as well as the White House and Camp David telephones. A tape log outlining the topics of each conversation and providing specific conversation numbers, time, date, and names of those on the tape has been prepared by the staff at the Nixon Presidential Materials Project. An abbreviation, acronym, and name list has also been provided by Nixon Project to help narrow the search of the tapes. The tapes themselves vary greatly in quality; those from the EOB office are difficult to hear, while those in the Cabinet Room or over the telephone are often quite clear.

The NSC Files, NSC Institutional Files (H–Files) contain documents distributed prior to each NSC meeting (71 meetings held from 1969 to 1972), Special Review Group (49 meetings), Senior Review Group (91 meetings), Washington Special Actions Group (153 meetings), Defense Program Review Committee (23 meetings), Verification Panel (45 meetings), Vietnam Special Studies Group (7 meetings), and the NSC Intelligence Committee (1 meeting), along with detailed minutes of most of these meetings. There is a guide to the H–Files available at the National Archives.

After the Nixon Presidential Materials Project, the Henry A. Kissinger Papers located in the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress are second in importance. While the Kissinger papers contain copies of many of the most important items found in the Nixon Presidential Materials Project, the chief advantage of these files is that they are well-organized and contain fewer materials on administrative matters of little value to most researchers. The most useful parts of the Kissinger Papers are the Chronological Files, Memoranda of Conversations, Memoranda for the President, and a collection of documents organized by country under the Geopolitical Files heading. The Kissinger papers also contain records of Kissinger's telephone conversations (telcons). The telcons, prepared by members of the NSC staff, include Kissinger's talks with President Nixon, Secretaries Rogers and Laird, other top U.S. officials, foreign diplomats (including “unofficial” go-betweens involved in Japanese textile negations), scholars, and newspaper, magazine, and television reporters (who comprise about one-third of the total number of conversations). Copies of the Kissinger telephone conversations are also available at the National Archives and are open to the public. Another unique item in the Kissinger papers is a typed version of Kissinger's daily schedule. This is found under Miscellany, 1968–1976, Record of Schedule, though the schedule before August 31, 1970, has not been located. For an overview of the entire collection, researchers are advised to consult “Henry Kissinger: A Register of his Papers in the Library of Congress,” prepared by the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress in 1996. Access to these papers currently requires permission from Kissinger.

Since Nixon and Kissinger dominated the formulation and implementation of China policy, the files of the Department of State, the Department of Defense, and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) are of less importance for the 1969–1972 period than for earlier administrations. The White House deliberately excluded these agencies from involvement in rapprochement between the United States and the People's Republic of China (PRC). These files are, however, important sources of information for researching America's increasingly troubled relationship with the Republic of China on Taiwan (ROC). The Central Files of the Department of State are most valuable for information on day-to-day interaction with the ROC and for some information on events within the PRC. The Lot Files of the Department of State containing some useful information are the records of the Executive Secretariat (S/S), the organization charged with managing the paperwork of the Secretary of State (Lots 71 D 175 and 72 D 318) and the Conference Files, a consolidated grouping of documents related to trips by the Secretary, the President, and the Vice President. This latter collection includes many memoranda of conversation with foreign leaders and correspondence from high-level American officials while they were on travel or at the United Nations in New York.

For relevant records of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Department of Defense, see the following list.

Unpublished Sources

Department of State

Central Files. See National Archives and Records Administration below.

Lot Files. For other lot files already transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland, Record Group 59, see National Archives and Records Administration below.

INR/IL Historical Files

Files of the Office of Intelligence Coordination, containing records from the 1940s through the 1970s, maintained by the Office of Intelligence Liaison, Bureau of Intelligence and Research

National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland

Record Group 59, Records of the Department of State

Central Files

AID (US) CHINAT, ROC, U.S. economic aid to the ROC

AID (US) 8 CHINAT, U.S. grants and technical assistance to the ROC

AID (US) 15 CHINAT, P.L.–480 assistance to the ROC

CSM 1 CHICOM, Chinese Communist doctrine, objectives

CSM 1–1, Communist schisms, deviation

CUL CHICOM, cultural activities related to the People's Republic of China (PRC)

CUL CHINAT, cultural activities related to the Republic of China (ROC)

DEF 12–1 CHICOM, nuclear testing, PRC

DEFASIA SE, regional military affairs, Southeast Asia

DEF CHICOM, military affairs, PRC

DEF CHINAT, military affairs, ROC

DEF 1 CHINAT, defense policy, plans, readiness, ROC

DEF 1 CHINAT–US, defense policy, plans, readiness, ROC–U.S.

DEF 1–4 CHINAT, air defense, ROC

DEF 6 CHINAT, armed forces, ROC

DEF 6–5 CHINAT, paramilitary forces, ROC

DEF 15 CHINAT, bases and installations, ROC

DEF 15 CHINAT–US, bases and installations, ROC–U.S.

DEF 15–3 CHINAT–US, status of forces, ROC–U.S.

DEF 15 HK, bases and installations, Hong Kong

DEF 19 US–CHINAT, U.S. military assistance to the ROC

DEF 19–8 US–CHINAT, U.S. provision of military equipment and supplies to the ROC

E CHICOM or CHINAT, general economic affairs, PRC or ROC

E HK, general economic affairs, Hong Kong

E 5 MONG, economic development, Mongolia

FN CHICOM or CHINAT, financial affairs, PRC or ROC

FN HK, financial affairs, Hong Kong

FT CHICOM–US, question of trade with the PRC

FT CHICOM–1 US, general policy on the question of trade with the PRC

INT 6, collection of intelligence

INCO TEXTILES CHINAT, industries and commodities, textiles, ROC

ORG 1 OSD–STATE, State–Defense coordination

ORG 3–2, chiefs of mission and principal officers

ORG 7 FE, travel by officials of the Bureau of Far Eastern Affairs

ORG 7 S, travel by the Secretary of State

PET CHINAT, petroleum, ROC

POLASIA/ASIA SE, political affairs and relations, Asia/Southeast Asia

POL 1 ASIA SE–US, U.S. general policy toward Southeast Asia

POLCAN–CHICOM, political affairs and relations, Canada and the PRC

POL CHICOM, political developments, PRC

POL 1 CHICOM, U.S. general policy toward the PRC

POL 1–3 CHICOM, general policy evaluation, PRC

POL 2 CHICOM, general reports and statistics, PRC

POL 13–2 CHICOM, PRC students and youth groups

POL 15–1 CHICOM, PRC head of state

POL 16 CHICOM, independence and recognition, PRC

POL CHICOM–CHINAT, political affairs and relations, PRC China–ROC

POL 27 CHICOM–CHINAT, military operations, PRC–ROC

POL 1 CHICOM–FR, general policy, PRC and France

POL CHICOM–JAPAN, political affairs and relations, PRC and Japan

POL CHICOM–US, political affairs and relations, PRC and the U.S.

POL 1 CHICOM–US, U.S. general policy toward the PRC

POL 27–7 CHICOM–US, U.S. prisoners of war, hostages, civilian internees in the PRC

POL 31–1 CHICOM–US, air disputes and violations, PRC and the U.S.

POL CHICOM–USSR, political affairs and relations, PRC and the U.S.S.R

POL 32–1 CHICOM–USSR, territory and boundary disputes, violations, incidents, PRC and the U.S.S.R.

POL CHINAT, political developments, ROC

POL 2 CHINAT, general reports and statistics, ROC

POL 7 CHINAT, travel and visits by high–level ROC officials

POL 15–1 CHINAT, ROC head of state

POL 16 CHINAT, independence and recognition, ROC

POL 29 CHINAT, political prisoners, ROC

POL CHINAT–CHICOM, political affairs and relations, ROC and PRC

POL CHINAT–FR, political affairs and relations, ROC and France

POL 1 CHINAT–FR, ROC general policy toward France

POL CHINAT–US, political affairs and relations, ROC and the U.S.

POL 1 CHINAT–US, U.S. general policy toward the ROC

POL 17 CHINAT–US, ROC diplomatic and consular representation in the U.S.

POL 1 CHINAT–VIET S, ROC general policy toward South Vietnam

POL 23–10 COMBLOC, travel controls, Communist Bloc countries

POL HK, political affairs and relations, Hong Kong

POL 23–8 HK, demonstrations, riots, protests, Hong Kong

POL HK–US, political affairs and relations, Hong Kong and the U.S.

POL 7 JAPAN, visits of Japanese leaders

POL 16 MONG, question of recognition of Mongolia

POL MONG–US, political affairs and relations, Mongolia and the U.S.

POL 7 ROM, travel and visits by high–level Romanian officials

POL 17 ROM–POL, Romanian diplomatic and consular representation in Poland

POLTAIWAN, political affairs and relations, Taiwan (ROC)

POLTIBET, political affairs and relations, Tibet

POL 19 TIBET, political issues concerning Tibet

POL 30–2 TIBET, Tibetan exile political activities

POL 19 TIBET/UN, the Tibet issue in the United Nations

POL 19 TIBET/US, U.S. policy with respect to Tibet

POL 1 US, general policy, background, U.S.

POL 2 US, general reports and statistics, U.S.

POL 7 US–KENNEDY, files related to visits and meetings of Ambassador David Kennedy

POL 7 US–KISSINGER, files related to visits and meetings of Henry A. Kissinger

POL 7 US/NIXON, President Nixon's overseas visits, head of state visits to the U.S.

POL 15–1 US/NIXON, President Nixon's meetings and correspondence with heads of state

POL 17 US–CHICOM, U.S. diplomatic and consular representation in the PRC

POL 7 USSR, travel and visits by high–level Soviet officials

POL 27 VIET S, military operations, South Vietnam

SOC CHICOM or CHINAT, social conditions in the PRC or ROC

STR 9–1, strategic trade controls on trade with the PRC

TR 8 CHICOM, trade promotion and assistance, fairs and exhibitions, PRC

UN 3 GA, United Nations General Assembly

UN 6 CHICOM, Chinese representation question in the United Nations

Lot Files

DS/IM Files: Lot 96 D 695

Files of U. Alexis Johnson, 1958–1973. This lot file combines lots 90 D 407, 408 and 410. Memoranda of conversation, correspondence files, personal files, and 12 audiotapes.

EA/ACA Files: Lot 71 D 144

Files of Paul H. Kreisberg, Officer in Charge of Mainland China Affairs, 1965–1970, as maintained by the Office of Asian Communist Affairs

EA/ROC Files: Lot 71 D 187

Political files, 1968–1969, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs

EA/ROC Files: Lot 71 D 516

Matters related to economic and defense issues on Taiwan, 1969–1970, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs

EA/ROC Files: Lot 72 D 140

Top Secret files, including briefing materials and records of visits, 1961–1968, as maintained by the Office of Chinese Affairs, later by the Republic of China desk in the office of East Asian Affairs, and later by the Office of Republic of China Affairs

EA/ROC Files: Lot 72 D 145

Political files, 1970 and previous years, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs

EA/EX Files: Lot 72 D 276

Miscellaneous top secret files from 1953, 1967, 1969 and 1970, from the EA Message Center, filed by the Executive Secretariat

EA/ROC Files: Lot 73 D 38

Political files, 1970–1971, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs

EA/RA Files: Lot 73 D 418

Telegrams, airgrams, reports and correspondence, 1966–1972, from the Office of Regional Affairs

EA/ROC Files: Lot 74 D 25

Political files, 1964–1972, from the Republic of China desk in the Office of East Asian Affairs and later by the Office of Republic of China Affairs

EA/PRC/M Files: Lot 74 D 192

Hong Kong and Macau subject files, 1971–1972, from the Office of People's Republic of China and Mongolia Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs

EA/PRC/M Files: Lot 74 D 213

NSC Under Secretaries Memorandum 91, travel and trade with the PRC, 1969–1973, from the Office of People's Republic of China and Mongolia Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs

EA/PRC/M Files: Lot 74 D 400

PRC subject files, 1971, from the Office of People's Republic of China and Mongolia Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs

EA Files: 74 D 471

Letters and memoranda prepared in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 1972–1973

EA/ROC Files: Lot 75 D 61

Economic and defense files, 1968–1972, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs

EA/ROC Files: Lot 75 D 76

Political files, 1954–1973, and miscellaneous Top Secret files, 1955–1973, from the Office of Chinese Affairs, later by the Republic of China desk in the Office of East Asian Affairs, and later by the Office of Republic of China Affairs

EA/ROC Files: Lot 78 D 138

Files on political, defense, and legislative matters, 1971–1975, from the Office of Republic of China Affairs

EA/ROC Files: Lot 79 D 120

Top Secret files, 1961–1972, from the Republic of China desk in the office of East Asian Affairs, and later by the Office of Republic of China Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs

EA/ROC Files: Lot 79 D 307

Ambassadorial talks: Warsaw, 1969–1973, and top secret documents related to China, 1961–1977, from the Office of People's Republic of China and Mongolian Affairs

Bundy Files: Lot 85 D 240

Files of William P. Bundy as Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 1962–1970

EAP Files: Lot 89 D 436

China files of William H. Gleysteen, 1969–1977, from the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs

EAP/CM Files: Lot 96 D 539

Top secret China documents, 1971–1987, from the Office of Chinese and Mongolian Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs

INR/REA Files: Lot 74 D 499

Files relating to the Republic of China, 1969–1970, from the Office of Regional Affairs

INR/EAP Files: Lot 90 D 99

National Intelligence Estimates, Special National Intelligence Estimates, Telegrams, and Memos, 1952–1985, from the Office of Research and Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific

INR/EAP Files: Lot 90 D 110

National Intelligence Estimates, Special National Intelligence Estimates, Telegrams, and Memos, 1952–1985, from the Office of Research and Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific

INR/EAP Files: Lot 90 D 567

Top secret historical documents, 1976–1984, from the Office Research and Analysis for East Asia and Pacific

Rusk Files: Lot 72 D 192

Files of Secretary of State Dean Rusk, 1961–1969, including texts of speeches and public statements, miscellaneous correspondence files, White House correspondence, chronological files, and memoranda of telephone conversations

S/P Files: Lot 71 D 382

Records of the Policy Planning Staff, 1964–1970

S/P Files: Lot 72 D 139

Top Secret files of the Policy Planning Council, 1963–1971; country files, 1965–1969

S/P Files: Lot 77 D 112

Files of Policy Planning Director Winston Lord (1973–1977), covering the period 1969–1977

S/S Files: Lots 71 D 175 and 72 D 318

National Security Council meeting files, 1969–1970

S/S Files: Lot 72 D 319

Correspondence of President Richard M. Nixon

S/S Files: Lot 73 D 288

Cabinet, National Security Council, National Security Council Under Secretaries, and Senior Review Group miscellaneous memoranda, 1969–1972

S/S Files: Lot 73 D 443

Secretary William P. Rogers' official and personal papers, 1969–1973 (contents of Rogers' safe), from the Secretariat Staff

S/S Files: Lot 74 D 164

Under Secretary Irwin's meetings with Kissinger, 1970–1972

S/S Files: Lot 74 D 504

Subject files of the Office of International Security Policy

S/S Files: Lot 76 D 249

Briefing books and personal files for Rush, Pederson and Rogers, including Rogers' appointments and meetings with heads of government, from the Executive Secretariat. Files returned to the Executive Secretariat

S/S Files: Lot 80 D 212

National Security Council Files pertaining to NSSMs and related documents as maintained by the Department of State, 1969–1980

S/S Files: Lot 81 D 309, NSC–U/SM

Under Secretaries Study Memorandum, 1969–1976

S/S Files: Lot 82 D 126

NSC, CIEP, Under Secretary Committee meeting miscellaneous files, 1969–1977

S/S Files: Lot 82 D 307

Files of Walter J. Stoessel, Deputy Secretary of State, including files on the Warsaw Talks, 1968–1982

S/S Files: Lot 83 D 276

NSC Under Secretaries Committee memoranda 1969–1977, NSC–U/DM1 through 142

S/S Files: Lot 83 D 277

NSC Under Secretaries Committee, 1969–1977, NSC–U/N–1 through 188

S/S Files: Lot 83 D 305

National Security Decision Memoranda (NSDMs), 1969–1977

S/S Files: Lot 83 D 411

NSC Contingency Plans for various countries, 1969–1974

Warsaw Talks Files: Lot 73 D 210

Files relating to the U.S.-China ambassadorial talks at Warsaw, 1958–1971, with some material concerning the 1955–1957 talks at Geneva, maintained by the Embassy at Warsaw and later by the Office of People's Republic of China and Mongolia Affairs

Nixon Presidential Materials Project

National Security Council Files

Agency Files

Alexander M. Haig Chronological Files

Backchannel Files

Briefing Books for HAK's SEA and PRC Trips

China Trip/Vietnam Negotiations. Includes chronological files entitled “China Exchanges.”

Country Files: China/PRC, Hong Kong, Mongolia, India (Tibet), Pakistan, Norway, Poland, USSR

Files for the President—China Materials

Jonathan Howe Trip Files

Name Files

NSC Secretariat, Unfiled Materials

Presidential Correspondence

Presidential/HAK Memoranda of Conversation

President's Daily Briefings, January 1969–August 1974

President's Trip Files

Staff Files

Subject Files

Visits by Foreign Leaders

Henry A. Kissinger Files

Administrative and Staff Files, 1968–1974

Country Files, Far East

Trip Files

National Security Council Institutional Files (H-Files)

National Security Council Minutes

National Security Council Meetings

Senior Review Group Minutes

Senior Review Group Meetings

Policy Papers, National Security Decision Memoranda

Study Memoranda

Under Secretaries Committee Files

White House Special Files

Staff Member and Office Files

President's Office Files

President's Personal Files

Subject Files

Alpha Name Files

White House Central Files

Staff Member and Office Files: President's Daily Diary

Subject Files

Alpha Name Files

White House Tapes

Central Intelligence Agency

DCI's Executive Registry Files: Jobs 80–B01086A, 80–R01284A, 80–R10580R, 80–R01731R, and 84–B00513R, executive files of the Director of Central Intelligence

DCI/National Intelligence Officer, Folders on the Sino-Soviet conflict: Job 93–T01468R

Files of Directors of Central Intelligence John A. McCone (1961–1965), William F. Raborn (1965–1966), and Richard M. Helms (1966–1973): Job 80–B01285A

O/D/NFAC, National Intelligence Officer: Jobs 79–R00904A, 79–T00937A, 79–R00967A, and 79–T00968A

National Intelligence Council Files, National Intelligence Estimates and Special National Intelligence Estimates: Job 79–R01012

Library of Congress

Papers of Henry A. Kissinger

Cables

Chronological File

Department of State

Geopolitical File

Memoranda of Conversations

Memoranda to the President

Miscellany National Security Council

NATO

Speeches and Writings

Subject File

Telephone Records

Papers of Eliot Richardson

Memoranda of conversations

Telephone conversations

Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland

Record Group 330, Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 72 6308 and FRC 330 72 6309

Top secret and secret subject decimal files of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1969

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 72 7500

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1968–1970, Cable and Miscellaneous Correspondence Pertaining to the Paris Peace Talks

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 73 1345

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Miscellaneous Files from the Office of the Executive Officer, Secret

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 73 1975

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1970 General Files, Secret

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 73 2360

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Files of Armistead Selden, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 74 0036

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Miscellaneous Files

OSD Files: FRC 330 74 0045

Chronological Files for the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1969–1973, Top Secret

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 74 0083

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1971 General Files, Secret

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 74 0115

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1971 General Files, Top Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 74 0142

Immediate Office of the Secretary of Defense Vault, 1969–1972

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 75 0067

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Miscellaneous Country Files

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 75 0125

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1972 General Files, Secret

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 75 0155

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1972 General Files, Top Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 75 0089

Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1969 Secret.

OSD Files: FRC 330 75 0103

Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1969 Top Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 75 0104

Office of the Secretary of Defense (1966–1971), Admiral Murphy/General Pursley, Top Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 75 0095

Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1972 Top Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0028

Office of the Special Assistant to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary, Office Chrons, 1958–1973.

OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0067

Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1970 Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0076

Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1970 Top Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0197

Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1971 Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 76 0207

Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1971 Top Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 77 0094

Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant to the Secretary, 1972 Secret

OSD Files: FRC 330 77 0131

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Miscellaneous Records, 1962–1972

OSD Files: FRC 330 78 0141

Original Multi-Addressee Memoranda Signed by the Secretary and Deputy Secretary, 1948–1977

OSD Files: FRC 330 80 0059

Office of the Secretary of Defense, Relations with Congress, the White House, and Public, 1956–1975

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 80 0026

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Taiwan Files, 1966–1977

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 80 0055

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Security Assistance Files, 1950–1977

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 81 0712

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, East Asia and Pacific Affairs Files, 1964–1973, Japan

OASD/ISA Files: FRC 330 83 0123

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, East Asia and Pacific Affairs Files, 1961–1979, Taiwan/China

Published Sources

Documentary Collections

Tracking the Dragon: National Intelligence Estimates on China During the Era of Mao, 1948–1976. Washington, D.C.: Executive Office of the President, Central Intelligence Agency, Office of the Director, National Intelligence Council, 2004.

Kissinger Transcripts: The Top Secret Talks with Beijing and Moscow: A National Security Archive Documents Reader. New York: The New Press, 1998.

Haldeman, H.R. The Haldeman Diaries: Inside the Nixon White House: The Complete Multimedia Edition, Sony Electronic Publishing, 1994. (CD-ROM)

U.S. Department of State. Bulletin 1969–1972.

U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Richard Nixon, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973.

Memoirs

Détente and Confrontation: American Soviet Relations from Nixon to Reagan. Revised Edition. Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1994.

Green, Marshall, John H. Holdridge, and William N. Stokes, War and Peace with China: First Hand Experiences in the Foreign Service of the United States. Bethesda: DACOR Press, 1994.

China's Decision for Rapprochement with the United States, 1968–1971. Boulder: Westview Press, 1982.

Haig, Alexander M., Jr. Inner Circle: How America Changed the World. New York: Warner Books, 1992.

Haldeman, H.R. The Ends of Power. New York: Times Books, 1978.

The Haldeman Diaries: Inside the Nixon White House. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1994.

Holdridge, John H. Crossing the Divide: An Insider's Account of the Normalization of U.S. China Relations. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1997.

Kissinger, Henry A. White House Years. Boston; Little, Brown, and Company, 1979.

About Face: A History of America's Curious Relationship with China from Nixon to Clinton. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1999.

Nixon, Richard M. RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1978.

Shen, James C. H. The U.S. and Free China: How the U.S. Sold Out Its Ally. Washington: Acropolis Books Ltd., 1983.

Walters, Vernon A. Silent Missions. Garden City: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1978.