Mr. King to Mr. Seward

No. 32.]

Sir: The intelligence of the sudden death of the lamented Edward Everett was received by the Americans in Rome with profound and unaffected regret. [Page 153] Anticipating the wishes of the State Department, I have caused the rooms of the American legation to be draped in mourning, as a slight mark of respect to the memory of the departed statesman, orator, and patriot.

The unexpected departure of Victor Emanuel from Turin for the new capital of Italy—Florence—excites some effervescence in the political circles of Rome. The adherents of the papal government do not openly attach much importance to the change, but the liberal party build high hopes upon it. This party for several years past has kept entirely aloof from the carnival celebration customary at this season, but in honor of the Franco-Italian treaty, and, as they believe, the approaching realization of their darling wish—an united Italy, with Rome for its capital—they have resolved this year to participate in the carnival festivities, and do whatever they can to add to their gayety and splendor.

The health of the sovereign pontiff continues excellent, though the winter thus far has been an unfavorable one, and an unusual amount of sickness has prevailed in Rome.

The number of American visitors here has largely increased within the past few weeks, and I am happy to say that, with very rare exceptions, they are earnest and ardent supporters of the government of the Union.

I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient servant,


Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State.