Mr. Portman to Mr. Seward
Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith, No. 1, copy of a memorandum, signed on the 21st instant by the representatives of the four powers, who, in September last, adopted the policy of reopening the Inland Sea, closed against foreign vessels by the aggressions of the Prince of Choshu, at Simonoseki, which policy was crowned with success, and met with the approval of their respective governments.
The present memorandum is in continuation of that policy, in view of the approaching operations of the Tycoon at the head of his army for the suppression of the rebellion of the Prince of Choshu, and with the object of securing the observance of strict neutrality.
I trust you will be pleased to approve of my action.
I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient servant,
Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State, Washington.