Mr. Hubbard to Mr. Bayard.
Tokio, November 28, 1887. (Received December 22.)
Sir: I have the honor and sincere gratification to invite the attention of the Department of State to the inclosed editorial of the leading and most influential native daily journal in Japan, the Jiji Shimpo, upon the present relations of American and Japanese trade.
I have had occasion heretofore to forward to your Department the able and friendly exhortations of this influential editor and statesman to his countrymen and Government to encourage, more than is now or has been done, the imports from the United States to Japan.
For two years past the columns of this widely-circulated journal have been largely devoted to giving, from official statistics, the status of the Japanese-American trade, and the business reasons, based on immemorial rules of international exchange of products in commerce, why the balance of trade should not remain, as now, against the United States.
That these discussions by such a man, who enjoys rightfully the confidence and the great respect of his Government, have awakened the Japanese, especially the Japanese mercantile and commercial public, to an earnest consideration of his views, is admitted on all sides, and by no one more cheerfully than the United States diplomatic representative at this court.
Inquiries made at this legation by private native capitalists of Japan, proposing to engage in building railways under Government charters, or merchants engaged in the silk or tea trade and who fear that unless a more friendly return for our nineteen millions of imports which are purchased in Japan is inaugurated that the lex talionis might be invoked and silk and tea be made to pay duty (as they do not now) to American customs—these inquiries, I repeat, often referring to the Jiji Shimpo, and seeking my own views as to their truth in this connection, have convinced me that largely to this native journal we owe the recent increase of exports from the United States to Japan of over $500,000 in 1886 over what it was in 1885, and the aggregate increase of both our exports and imports to twenty-three millions, being three millions more than Great Britain’s exports and imports (from and to Japan) including all her colonies. In my intercourse with this remarkably able and progressive man (Mr. Fukusana), whose biography may be found in “Lanham’s Leading Men of Japan,” I am gratified to recognize a bold and intelligent ally, who, with open hand and earnest integrity and for no mere favoritism of the courtier, but from convictions of justice to Japan [Page 1062] and fair dealing with the United States, has serious sued and still pursues the course indicated by the able leader from his pen, to which I have pleasure in inviting the attention of yourself and of our countrymen through the State Department.
I have, etc.,