Mr. McDonald to Mr. Gresham.
Teheran, September 25, 1893. (Received November 3.)
Sir: I have the honor to inclose for your information a copy and translation of a circular memorandum, received from the Persian foreign minister on the 22d instant.
The practice to which the memorandum refers is of long standing. When a Persian subject fails to recover a claim from a fellow-citizen to which he thinks he has a bona fide right, he very often transfers the [Page 485] documents relating to the claim to the citizen of a foreign state for some valuable consideration or on the pretext that the transferee has some counter claim against him to the full or even a greater amount. The purchaser or transferee then presses the claim through the intermediary of his legation, and, rightly or wrongly, very often succeeds in recovering the whole of the claim.
I have no reason to think that any United States citizen has ever resorted or will ever resort to this practice, either to prevent an injustice or to make profit; yet I have nevertheless sent a copy of the memorandum to each of the missions in Persia, so as to prevent misunderstanding.
I have, etc.,