Mr. White to Mr. Hay.

No. 72.]

Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith three copies of the message read on the 5th instant at the opening of the Argentine Congress by the President of the Republic.

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The Buenos Ay res Herald, the only English organ that comments at any length on the message, while admitting the good case which it makes out for the past few years and the bright outlook for the future, maintains that this is in spite of rather than as a consequence of the activities of the passing Administration.

The message seems to have been received by the people of this country and by the foreign press in a manner approaching indifference, which fact is, perhaps, an indication of the improved credit of the nation.

I have, etc.,

Charles D. White,

The President’s Message.

Gentlemen, Senators, and Deputies: For the last time I have the honor of opening your session, and it should be pleasant for us to realize this constitututional act in such a favorable situation of credit, of well-being, and of general prosperity.

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The Argentine nation is increasing and developing in extraordinary proportions, both materially and morally. Every day is noted an improvement in the practice of its democratic institutions. Her future greatness is no longer the vague and uncertain aspiration of patriotism, but takes the form and character of reality.

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foreign affairs.

The Republic maintains cordial relations with the rest of the world. The bonds uniting it to other nations are becoming ever firmer in consequence of commercial intercourse, which is incessantly increasing; of the various conventions which regulate commercial, judicial, sanitary, and other interests, and of the congresses, conferences, and exhibitions frequently attended by our delegates.

The relations which we maintain with the States of America, and especially with our neighbors, are particularly fraternal.

Every day the wisdom of the pacts made with Chile is recognized. These pacts have caused to prevail a policy of peace and of frank and loyal friendship between the two nations. This example was applauded in Europe and America, and is certain to exercise a beneficial influence upon the relations of the states in this part of the world.

It is pleasant to state that the Argentine Government has been the object of special distinctions on the part of the South American governments, having been honored by being appointed arbitrator in the dispute between Bolivia and Peru.

The gravitation of the political and economical interests of these countries must necessarily determine a more equitable criterion for the harmonization of their respective laws, to favor the expansion of their commercial policy, and the interchange of their native produce.

In a few days the agreements with the Governments of Bolivia and Chile for the termination of the demarcation of the frontiers will be submitted to you, as also the draft of a treaty relative to the occupation of the lands which, by the decision of His Britannic Majesty, now are under different jurisdiction.

With these conventions and another which is being negotiated the last differences which threatened to draw these nations into war have been smoothed over, and these nations are now only occupied in trying to increase their friendly relations.

The Argentine Government has recognized the new State of Panama, after having acquired the information necessary to assure itself of the transcendency and permanency of what has occurred there. In the memorial of the ministry of foreign affairs you will find the data necessary to appreciate the attitude of the Argentine foreign office in this emergency.

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