Executive Secretariat Files
Memorandum by the Division of Central European Affairs2
The Czechoslovak Government’s relations with the British and Soviet Governments are excellent, and present no problems. Czechoslovak-American relations (reviewed in Annex I) remain excellent, as they have been in the past.
The United States, Great Britain and the U.S.S.R. all favor restoration of independent Czechoslovakia with substantially its 1937 frontiers. Although we favor restoring Ruthenia to Czechoslovakia we would not oppose its incorporation in the U.S.S.R. if the Soviet and Czechoslovak Governments should decide this in agreement.3 Czechoslovakia is not expected to present any problems for American post-war policies concerning it (detailed in Annex II).
We have no questions to raise about Czechoslovakia now; nor have Great Britain or the U.S.S.R., as far as we know.
The Czechoslovak Government itself however has raised one question which will require decision by the British, Soviet and American Governments: It has informed them of its desire to expel to Germany [Page 421] all undesirable Sudeten Germans (possibly two million) in the expectation that the three occupying powers will facilitate the resettlement of these persons within Germany, without any change in the Czech-German 1937 frontier. The State Department is preparing a note in reply expressing sympathy with the Czechoslovak concern about the Sudeten Germans, but opposing any unilateral action to move them until an orderly solution can be worked out in agreement between the Governments of Czechoslovakia and the occupying powers responsible for the maintenance of order for military security in Germany. The Big Three may wish to forestall precipitate action by reaching agreement along the lines of the separate memorandum on “Treatment of Germany”,4 the last section of which deals with the broader question of the transfer of Germans from Poland, East Prussia and other areas as well as Czechoslovakia, who might altogether number near ten million.5
- This memorandum was included as document No. 23 in the so-called “Yalta Briefing Book”—the collection of memoranda on a wide range of subjects for the background information and policy guidance of President Roosevelt and the American delegation in their discussions at the Malta and Yalta Conferences (January 20–February 11, 1945). For documentation on these conferences, see Foreign Relations, The Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945.↩
- For documentation regarding the interest of the United States in possible rectification of the frontiers of Czechoslovakia and in the cession by it of Transcarpathian Ukraine (Subcarpathian Ruthenia) to the Soviet Union, see pp. 509 ff.↩
- Conferences at Malta and Yalta, pp. 178–190.↩
- For documentation regarding the interest of the United States in the transfer of Germans from Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, and Austria, see vol. ii, pp. 1227 ff.↩
- United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. For documentation regarding the participation by the United States in the work of this organization for the year 1045, see vol. ii, pp. 958 ff.↩
- See bracketed note, p. 798.↩
- For a description of the establishment, organization, and work of the Committee on Post-War Programs, see Department of State, Postwar Foreign Policy Preparation, 1939–1945 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1950), pp. 208—213.↩
- For documentation regarding this subject, see pp. 537 ff.↩
- For text of the agreement between the Governments of the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia on the administration of liberated areas, signed in London, May 8, 1944, see Hubert Ripka, East and West (London, Lincolns-Prager Limited, 1944), p. 77, or Louise W. Holborn (ed.), War and Peace Aims of the United Nations From Casablanca to Tokio Bay: January 1, 1943–September 1, 1945 (Boston, World Peace Foundation, 1948), p. 767. For documentation regarding the desire of the Czechoslovak Government to enter into a civil affairs arrangement with the American, British, and Soviet Governments, and the decisions by the American and British Governments that such an arrangement on their part was not needed, see Foreign Relations, 1944, vol. iii, pp. 515 ff.↩
- For documentation regarding the granting of cotton credit and consideration of other financial assistance, see pp. 549 ff.↩
- Brackets appear in the original.↩