Mr. Bayard to Mr. Olney .
London , August 31, 1895 (Received Sept. 7.)
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge instructions of the State Department, No. 651, of April 5, and No. 671, of April 19, with their respective inclosures, relating to the treatment of men employed in the United States to take care of cattle shipped in steamers to European ports, where upon arrival the men landed are left in a destitude condition and unprovided with transportation back to their homes in the United States.
The subject has received the prompt and full consideration of this embassy, and I now transmit, inclosed herewith, a copy of a note, dated May 15 last, addressed by me to the foreign office, and the reply thereto of the Marquis of Salisbury, dated July 15.
I also inclose (the original) a letter from the vice-consul-general at this city, addressed to Mr. Roosevelt, the secretary of this embassy, by which it will be perceived that the attention of the representatives of the principal steamship lines between London and the United States having been called to the matter, an informal agreement was made, which has so far sufficed to check the evil complained of and has given relief to the class of persons whose sufferings caused your instructions in their behalf.
No complaint has since reached this embassy, and it may be considered as reasonably probable that hereafter the shippers of cattle in ports of the United States will not be allowed to send care takers out to Europe with the cattle without arranging for their support and safe return to the United States.
I would, however, attract the attention of those officials who are charged with the regulation of the shipment of cattle from the United States to the closing paragraph of the note of Lord Salisbury and his suggestions as to the most effectual way of dealing with the threatened evil, which is an enforcement of conditions upon shippers of cattle in the United States for European ports by which they shall be compelled to make provision for the return to their own country of the cattlemen they employ.
If the present official powers of the Treasury officials vest them with legal authority to create and enforce regulations of the character thus suggested, they can apply the remedy, or Congress would no doubt willingly enact the requisite legislation to protect a thrifty and humble class from the consequences of the commercial greed from which they have suffered in the past.
I have, etc.,