File No. 600.119/272
The Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy ( Crawford) to the Counselor for the Department of State ( Polk)
My Dear Mr. Counsellor: I enclose, in response to your suggestion, a summary of our suggestions in regard to the treatment of neutral countries under your “embargo” legislation.
We are receiving repeated cables from the Foreign Office enquiring your attitude in regard to various of these proposals, but above all in regard to the two questions of coal for Spain and Swedish transit to Russia. I must really impress on you, under instructions from Mr. Balfour, the extreme urgency of these two questions. Over 40,000 tons of American coal were recently landed in Spain, and the continued difficulties with regard to Swedish transit can not fail to arouse discontent in Russia and further complicate the Russian situation which is already sufficiently serious. Both these questions are ones on which the merits of the case, the obligations of the neutral Governments concerned, the practical considerations arising out of the tonnage situation, and the interests and rights of the United States are all eminently clear and point in one direction, while the dangers of delay, as creating a situation which it will be impossible later to remedy are also obvious. I sincerely trust that you may be able to give me an answer on these two points which will enable me to answer Mr. Balfour’s enquiries satisfactorily.
I am [etc.]